What and how do children learn from us?

How to make friendly arrangements with your baby?

How to help a child when he is angry?


According to the Education and Education Division of the Board of Education, Culture and Tourism Development of Kaunas City Municipality Administration on 29-05-2013, no. 35-2-533 "On Performance of Public Service Satisfaction" and Publication of Data "

Kaunas crèche in kindergarten Žingsnelis June a survey of consumer satisfaction with public services was distributed.

We publish survey results:


Survey of consumer satisfaction with public services




Children of this age concentrate on the details and are extremely egocentric. The stories they tell may not contain essential elements, and they will fade that you do not understand what they are saying because they imagine that you see / feel / understand everything as they do. Children of this age only understand what they are experiencing - so do not expect them to understand what "5" means until they have counted enough items that were "5". Their thoughts are limited to the following: and dancing on me, all the dogs los and dancing on me "and so on.

However, the activities of children of this age are becoming a target: they organize their activities, know what they want, link the information they already have with the new one. The best way to discover the links is when children play, so it's important for children to play meaningfully at this age. Children play meaningfully:

  • Feel the pleasure of learning
  • has plenty of opportunities to learn something new
  • do not feel unholy / infertile and so on.
  • feels internal motivation


    Not in vain, I said earlier that the child is playing meaningfully. Although the game is a spontaneous activity, the adult has a role that is very important for the development of kindergarten intelligence.

    • Watch the child. Although you have read in a book or magazine about the peculiarities of age, each child is individual. Individual needs, interests, learning style, desires, opportunities, etc.
    • Help your child. Knowing your child's needs and level of development, you can offer the right games, toys and other tools for your child. If you see that the child is bored that he is not working, engage him in a new activity. Activities should not be imposed. You are not a teacher but a partner! By playing together, you can raise the game to a higher level of intelligence (for example, if a child is interested in small machines, you can buy a carpet with streets, houses, etc. Initially play together: teach traffic rules, find out what the purpose of one or another house is. Later, give the game guides to the child's hands, but talk at your level and explain to the child what he does not understand, not even how your four-year-old will know exactly what people are doing in the post office, who need firefighters and who have crossings).
    • Ask good questions. The good question is which answer you expected, but it is not automatic. The question is, "what color of this block does only check whether the child is giving one or the other color." Of course, you will not be able to avoid such issues and they are necessary, but ask the following questions:
    • Helps your child understand the cause-effect relationship: "What did you do to make the piano sound so loud?"
    • Helps your child identify feelings / feelings: "What's the taste of this cake?"
    • Helps your child consider alternatives: "How else would you show that you are angry?"
    • Helps to remember past events: "What did we plant in the garden?"
    • Encourages exploring: "What do you think will happen if we feed milk into flour?"
    • Helps to link new information with what's already available: "Who else knows how to fly?" "Are these flowers similar / different?"
    • Helps understand the world: "How do you think a small pebble sank and a big stopper is not?"


      Kindergartens can already show them what they want, what they want. The list of their toys and instruments is therefore, in a sense, the shortest, because the child will have the necessary tools. However, the measures listed here are suitable for all children without exception:

      • pencils, crayons, watercolor paints, gouache, crayons - let's test your child as much artistic means of expression as possible
      • wooden and plastic blocks (from DUPLO to LEGO)
      • small toys that can be sorted, counted, put on, etc.
      • 12 and more pieces of jigsaw puzzle
      • Sand / water toys
      • Magnifying loupe, microscope
      • Books
      • Musical instruments (buy and make yourself)
      • Table games
      • Mobile games outdoors (REQUIRED!), Etc.

        Catherine Landreth has made pre-school children From… To a table that you can just hook on

the fridge and know that the child's intellectual development from birth to school is like that. When the surface comes, it is not known, because every child develops at their own pace. However, it is worth knowing for the parents that this will happen one day:

From (3 years) up to (5 years)

Sense of learning Sorting and collecting data

Sorting and Data Collection with Thinking Symbols

Spontaneous Motion Controlled Motion

Bubble Clear and Rich

Reading Letters

Makaliusiius Writing

The thought that perhaps all is miracles are understandable and explainable phenomena

Cat Vision (Cat Family)

Lines and Circles Understanding Drawings

Listening To Hearing

Understanding that others exist in the understanding of others

What you care for is He who takes care of yourself

Home Society

I Who am I

From birth to school, the changes are so great that they cannot be understood by the mind. A small person has enormous potential that we adults can help realize. But the most important thing is that these extremely intelligent little people feel loved, needed and understood. The most important thing is that they - when we look at us - wear out the values correctly. Then their intelligence will unfold with all its unique beauty!



Children under the age of seven do not need any teams


Maybe it will sound paradoxical, but it turns out that kindergarten children do not need to attend any aesthetic schools, drawing, singing or ceramics. Psychologists argue that parents are doing a bear service to educate their children.

In recent years, it has become fashionable in Lithuania to start educating a child in various music lessons while still spending time at home. Mothers listen to the songs selected by the teachers, swing into the tact and imagine that not only musicians, but also mathematicians will be born, the talents of other sciences. When the baby is getting older, the parents are already leading him to learn to dance or sing.

Two are written in French or English lessons, and if the three little ones are not yet attending, the parents are not going to lay the foundations for his future, so he is not obligated and trusted. It also seems to them that there are bad parents, because the children of all acquaintances visit a group, and often several. So anyone can teach to sing, draw or walk in the podium today. It is only important to formulate what will be taught in the lessons and who want to spread one hundred litas for one session per week. Popular additional clubs and public nurseries, where parents are actively agitated to write their offspring. In this way, the organizers of the teams earn more and less, the educators need less time to engage with the children, and the parents are happy that the children do not spend time playing while they are playing.

Agnė Eidukonytė from Vilnius recalls that she wrote a three-year-old daughter to learn to dance only because all her girlfriend's friends had already attended additional singing, aikido or drawing lessons in kindergarten. “I felt pressure from the educators that it was very important for the child to be educated. Convinced that the sooner you start learning, the more you will achieve in the future. In addition, I felt that my daughter was not ashamed, because she was not the only one to attend, ”she says. Though Aleksandra had been learning to dance for four years, only the movements of seven girls who celebrated their birthday became plastic. “She used to dance like a bear before. Gracefulness arises as the child grows up, not because he learns to dance, ”says Eidukonytė, so she's not going to any clubs for three years. But together with both children in the evenings, she climbs out of the moderator, allowing them to paint paint on the window windows of the apartment, skating sled almost every weekend.

Main activity up to seven years - game. Parents who do not carry kindergartens to any teams today are units. On the contrary, many are proud that their four-year attendance is not just for singing or ceramics, but also for swimming, aikido training. Here's a six-year-old Rock has no free evening. Having taken her from kindergarten, she takes her twice a week to dance lessons and the same number of times to ceramics classes. He also has a teacher who helps to write writing. And soon the boy will start to practice karate workouts. Viktorija Kazlauskienė says that it gives her son freedom of expression, allows her to try as many different activities as possible, so that the boy can understand what he likes. "Children must be as busy as possible, so that they do not have time to sit down on the computers or run away on the streets," Kazlauskiene says.

Psychologist Andrius Atas says that the teams are a good alternative to a computer or television, but such children as Rock are sorry for it because they have a bent stick. According to the psychologist, parents are afraid to encourage preschool children to attend various schools, otherwise they will not be capable of music or art, are not interested in sports, will be less educated in school, and therefore will not receive good education, will not earn enough and will not be able to buy things without parents, they won't go out.

The consequence of overwork is disease

Especially Lithuanians overpower and make a bear service if they write down the children who attend kindergartens. This puts them in an overload that is not able to be raised by kindergartens. According to R.Piririenė, children in kindergarten work hard for eight hours as well as adults at work. It turns out that solving a conflict, for example, without sharing a toy, the three-year-old needs as much power as an adult to prepare a project. So, coming back from the kindergarten, the little one wants to rest, not learning to dance or sing. At the weekend, he also needs to be allowed to regain strength. In addition, working with parents for a few hours on working days, the child wants to spend more time with his mother and dad on Saturday. “If a child falls asleep in the car when returning from the cage, it is a serious signal that he is overworked. Except after swimming in the swimming pool because it relaxes in the water, ”explains Pipirienė and adds that parents should not count on this, as overwork can be the cause of rickets, anemia, insomnia, nightmares, eating disorders.. Similarly, children who do not exercise on their own are often aggressive.

According to Educator Laima Abromaitienė, new fashion - to educate a child from infancy, the consequences are felt at school. “Children are hard to concentrate in lessons, come to school overwork. Having tried different teams up to the first grade, they don't want any extracurricular activities because they are all overwhelming. And if you attend any of the sessions, your teeth don't usually give them pleasure, ”says Doctor of Social Sciences and adds that visiting different schools with a year or two is meaningful only when the mother wants to leave the house and she likes to draw or sing with her child . R.Pipirienė agrees that children can go to classes if they do not attend kindergarten for up to four years. However, the activity must be organized in the form of games. It's not free to draw, sing, dance, but develop communication skills like playing with peers, waiting for your turn, sitting longer on the wheel. "And it is very important that there is a mother next door, because children are learning to play and mimic," the psychologist emphasizes.

It makes more sense for parents to attend courses

Kazlauskiene says that she wouldn't go to the cages, but she is crawling and climbing herself, and dancing. In addition, she is very proud to dance with two partners. However, psychologists believe that not only the three-year-olds, but also the six-year-olds often do not understand what they want, but behave as their parents want to give them joy. It is very important for babies to feel that their parents are proud of them. In addition, children are very receptive to parents' emotions. Therefore, when a mother leads her offspring to a team only from the job, sacrificing her child's future, she is more harmed than gaining benefit because she is not happy with doing one or the other. Similarly, the child feels when the parents lead him to various sports clubs, but do not exercise themselves. “The logic of the three-year-old is working very well. The child is wondering why it is useful for him to do sports if his parents do not.

Children feel best when their parents engage in activities that they like. The child is happy when he sees happy parents. Therefore, it would make more sense for parents to attend courses explaining what paternity is, instead of making children under different groups, ”says A.Atas. And for those who are afraid of not having begun to develop offspring early enough, the psychologist explains: “For a two-year-old child, self-expression is not necessary. At this age, he needs to learn to dress himself, go to the toilet, eat

Only a four-year-old puppy experiences joy in communicating with other children. And the talents are changing and evolving before adolescence, so decide that four-year-olds are capable of fine art or music, in very rare cases. Only a sixteen-year-old can already know what he likes and who doesn't. ”

So it is not worth taking away childhood and the most important occupation - from games. The pre-school child is experiencing much more good emotions at home with his mother baking biscuits, skating with a dad or building a cube tower. And he will be able to learn foreign languages as well as drawing, singing, or dancing to start school.


Healthy Kindergarten - Healthy Children


Today, when we talk about kindergarten, we think about a child first. The role of the kindergarten in the development of the health of the baby and the strengthening of its protection skills is very important. Family and Kindergarten - Two partners responsible for the child's health and comprehensive education. Every kindergarten, depending on the initiative of its administration and educators, tries to solve their task of protecting and strengthening children's health.

An important role is played by the educator, from whose professional preparation and activity the success of health education depends. Preschool children most often suffer from respiratory, infectious, digestive, skin diseases and often suffer from injuries. Therefore, simple but everyday tools such as physical activity, hardening, healthy eating, and a safe environment are among the most effective ways to help preschool children.

The most important elements of a healthy lifestyle for pre-school children are: personal hygiene and safety requirements, rational nutrition, constant physical activity, tempering, proper rest, abandonment of health-damaging habits, self-control, calm spiritual world. A child, growing up in a family, takes over the parents' way of life, attitudes, traditions. However, not every family receives enough knowledge about health, learns to preserve it, conserve it and strengthen it. Then the preschool comes to help. In kindergarten, the health education process focuses on values that expand as the child grows, develops, becomes a habit, and then a social norm.


What is a Healthy Child?

A healthy child is an active, cheerful, joyful mood, benevolent towards the surrounding people. It is communicative, curious, active, agile. A healthy child develops harmoniously, has well-developed functional and physical capabilities. He is strong, persistent, quick, quick, and his breathing is deep and steady during physical activity. It is crowded because its thermoregulatory system is well adapted to temperature fluctuations. The child is overweight, moves, and has a good appetite. An emotionally and mentally healthy child is calm, satisfied, confident in himself and other people, willingly communicates with other children, does not feel fear, anger and other experiences. He loves close people, feels free, is friendly. A healthy child's sleep is deep, its duration is normal. Healthy children rarely suffer from or suffer from chronic illnesses, have no physical deficiencies, do not freeze quickly and do not get tired. Health Effects of Various Healthy Lifestyle Components The most significant factor in harmonious child development and health enhancement in childhood is movement.

Physical activity helps to meet the biological need of the child to move, promotes motor development, stimulates the body's growth, improves mental and physical fitness. In the third to sixth years of life, the child's body is subject to intense change and adverse environmental factors can disrupt its development and health. Therefore, in order to ensure a harmonious psychophysical development of the child, to prevent various functional disorders and diseases of the organism, it is very important that the family and preschool education facilities are created to satisfy the need for biological movement, to promote physical activity, to develop a positive attitude towards the physical culture for life. Regular movement ensures optimum functional capacity of cardiovascular and bone and muscle systems, forms correct posture, prevents obesity, strength, speed, agility, and improves psychosomatic well-being.

The country's preschool institutions' agenda includes the following physical activity promotion measures: daily morning exercise, physical education classes (2-3 times a week), active children's activities in the fresh air, spontaneous movement (2 times a day), sports entertainment (2 times a month) , sports holidays (2 times a year). Such educational activities are usually carried out by a group educator. In addition, week nurseries are organized to promote physical activity, afternoons involving the whole family - parents, children, grandparents - not only contribute to the promotion of physical activity but also develop the community of the educational institution.

Eastern exercise is one example of healthy lifestyle education.

East Exercise is one of the first elements of a child's day care plan. It awakens the body of the child, makes it work, activates the work of the heart, the respiratory tract and other organs, forms the correct posture, beautiful gait, and prevents flat feet. For children who are constantly exercising in the morning, sleepiness disappears. Exercise positively affects muscle systems, strengthens heart work. Morning exercise also has educational value. It requires some willpower, hence, develops determination, disciples the child, develops attention, teaches the purpose of purposefully pursuing the goal, develops perseverance. In pre-school and pre-primary education, morning exercise should be done before breakfast, when most children gather. Many educators note that during physical exercise, physically busy children get worse while exercising and exercising more slowly and slower. In this way, the exercise creates a uniform, invigorating mood of the children, necessary for their further activity. You can use a musical accompaniment to play simulation games during the morning exercise, especially with the younger ones. Music disciplines children, focuses their attention, and emphasizes the rhythm of movement. Positive emotions triggered by exercises accompanied by music increase both their psychological and physiological effects. Music is very useful because everyone is doing the same movements at the same pace and rhythm. Educators note that it is advisable to learn all the movements that take place with music before it. After all, if a child is not very successful in managing his movements, moving with music can be even more difficult. Exercise is one of the most important moments of the child's rhythm. Therefore, educators, in cooperation with the parents of the learners, must seek to make the child a joy, a necessity, a source of health. However, there may be some problems in organizing exercise before breakfast: the parents of some children bring (often even bring) their children to the kindergarten only for breakfast, as they say, "..hould be able to eat". Those children would like to participate in the exercise themselves, but the parents bring them later than it is organized. Then the babies are saddened, which adversely affects their emotional health, but the parents are not able to change their parents, they only inform when the kindergarten is organized and the parents have the right to choose. Because, as mentioned earlier, such children are not in kindergarten a


According to doc. dr. Vida Gudžinskienė

Vilnius Pedagogical University